Introduction to Industrial Electronic Repairs

There are many aspects of the electronics business. They include the sales and installation of the electronic equipment, as well as its monitoring and evaluation. Industrial electronic repairs form that branch of business that handles the different facets of manufacturing. Industrial electronic repair forms an essential part of all maintenance schedules of the manufacturing companies. Else, the personnel trained for the repairs of electronic equipment get occupied when an electronic equipment stops working.Generally, a thin line of demarcation is present between what is called industrial electronic repairs and domestic electronic repairs; this is because of the vast variety of industrial equipment. A number of industrial manufacturers and other kinds of businesses generally employ a number of electronic machines necessarily required to keep their businesses running efficiently. Some such machines and equipment for that purpose are printed circuit boards, tool controls and electronic control for temperature, timers and computers.

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One very important aspect of industrial electronic repairs is to diagnose the fault in order to assess the status of the faulty electronic apparatus, and thus to identify the components necessarily needed to bring it back to working order. The precise way of repairing the electronic equipment varies with the company and its business strategy. One can find many online companies undertaking such repairs. Some of those companies may be outsourcing their services to qualified and competent repairers, working as independent contractors or working with professional companies. Industrial electronic repair could also imply replacing older or obsolete electronic equipment with new, more modern and more efficient models. In the present competitive world, such replacement often becomes necessary to get an edge over the competitors by enhancing the productivity to quickly produce more accurate and efficient equipment.Some electronic equipment repairs may be carried at the premises of the client, while others may need to be carried back to the workshop of the entity undertaking the repairs, in order to diagnose the fault and eliminate it. It all depends on the kind of fault encountered. Companies undertaking repairs may offer various incentives to their clients. Common incentives include free diagnosis, discounts when buying fresh parts, free evaluation and extended warranties on the services provided. Some companies may offer to collect the faulty items from the customer’s premises without any charge, or at nominal expense. Companies offering services of industrial electronic repair could also provide online forms, allowing clients to describe the problem they may be facing, enabling the company’s representative to come better prepared for removing the fault.

Maintain Electronics Equipment With Spray Electronic Component Cleaner

In this day and age when we are surrounded by electronic components that we rely upon in our everyday lives, it has become more important to maintain our electronics with the correct electronic cleaner. The most common method involves simply using canned air for your electronic cleaner needs. Yes, it is easy. But it’s not necessarily the best option. Spray component cleaners will provide you with a much more effective clean.Most spray electronic cleaners come with two primary items; a can of spray cleaner, and some absorbs ion paper. When using your spray electronic component cleaner, first you will want to lay the absorption paper beneath the equipment you are cleaning with the coated side down so that after using your spray electronic component cleaner the paper can absorb the cleaning liquid and dust.

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After you have set up the equipment to be cleaned, you can now begin to spray your electronic component cleaner. Remember, it is important for such cleaners that you spray from a very short distance- roughly 10cm. Also, you’ll want to spray from the top to the bottom on your equipment to be cleaned. This method helps your component cleaner to remove as much dust and particles as possible. Be liberal with your spray. You will want to continue until it begins to drip from the edges.After applying your spray electronic cleaner liberally, you’ll need to tip the component you are cleaning somewhat to help the liquid, dust, and particles run down to collect on the absorption paper.Now you can simply throw away the absorption pad. You’ve just successfully used a spray electronic component cleaner that will provide a much cleaner piece of equipment for you than any plain can of air ever could. With these component cleaner sprays, it is not uncommon for the components to seem wet or damp for 30 to 40 minutes after application. This is expected, and even though your first though would be to wait until all appearances of wetness have faded, cleaning with electronic cleaner sprays allow you to immediately begin using your equipment after cleaning.

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As a warning when using electronic cleaner sprays, you should avoid using them on things such as computer keyboards, your magnetic media storage devices, plastic or rubber coated devices, and your cellular phone. These are quite minor cleaning jobs that just don’t require the strength of a electronic cleaner spray, and could be done with simple air. And, I also imagine, it should go without saying that you should never use an electronic cleaner of any type on equipment that is plugged into a power source.

How to Protect Your Electronics From Heat

1.0 INTRODUCTION
In our modern society, we have become very dependent upon our electronic gadgets and appliances. Most households (in the U.S) have Personal Computers with an Internet Connection. If we solely looked at the Personal Computer, we do a lot of thing with this product.We communicate with our friends, family members and business associates.
We conduct financial transactions (e.g., buy or sell products on line)
We create all kinds of documents (which are very important to our personal and business finances/operations)
We store and play music (in the form of *.mp3 files)
We (increasingly) store pictures that have sentimental value (and could be tough to replace if lost).For many people, anytime their “computer dies”, it becomes a major inconvenience in their lives. If you were to look at some other electronic systems that we typically have in our homes, such asDVD Players
Gaming Systems (e.g., Playstation, X-Box, Nintendo, Wii, etc.)
Audio Entertainment Equipment
Video Recording Equipment (for you people that like to post videos on YouTube.
Appliances (such as Central Air Conditioning Systems, Heat Pumps, Microwave Ovens, etc.)
HDTVs (e.g., LCD or Plasma)All of these items entertain us, enlighten us and provide us with comfort. These products each require a considerable amount of money to purchase. Further, repairing and/or replacing these products is also quite expensive. Hence, I am quite amazed that people do not do more to protect their investment (in these electronic systems) and do whatever they can to extend the operating life time of these products.In general, there are three (3) different destructive mechanisms that will either destroy or greatly reduce the operational life-time of your electronics. These three destructive mechanisms areHeat
Electrical Surge/Spike Events, and
Electrical NoiseIn this article, we are going to talk about HEAT. As we discuss Heat, we will cover the following topics.How is Heat destructive to your electronics?
What can we do about heat – How to Protect Your Electronics from Heat and Extend the Operating Life of our Electronics?2.0 HOW IS HEAT DESTRUCTIVE TO YOUR ELECTRONICS
Heat is an artifact of electronics. All electronic systems generate heat. Electronic systems accept electrical power (current and voltage) from the power line (via the electrical outlet). The electronic system uses a portion of this electrical power to perform work (e.g., the function that you want it to perform, e.g., play a DVD, cook a bag of popcorn, etc). The remaining portion of this electrical power is converted into heat.However, heat is also an enemy of electronic systems. Few things are more effective in reducing the operating life-time of an electronic system, than raising the operating temperature of the electronic circuitry within your electronic system. If you were to speak with an Electronics Device Reliability expert, he/she would tell you that for every 10 degrees (Celsius) that you raise the operating temperature of an electrical device; you reduce the operating lifetime of that device by 50%. The impact of heat (in shortening the operating life) of your electronics is “huge”.

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3.0 WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT HEAT?
As I mentioned earlier, all electronics generates heat. There is no way to prevent electronics from generating the very thing that can destroy it. However, there are a couple of things that you can do to prevent this heat from doing so much damage.1. You can work to remove this heat from the electronics (as quickly as it generates it), or
2. You can do things to try to help the electronics to not generate so much heat in the first place.I will address each of these approaches below.3.1. REMOVING HEAT FROM THE ELECTRONICS
Many consumer electronic systems were designed with “Heat Removal” in mind. Some of these electronic systems (like desktop computers) contain “internal fans”. These fans were designed into these systems so that they could blow air through the area in which the system electronics resides. The intent behind having these fans to is blow the heat away from these electronics and to help keep them cool.Other electronic systems contain “vents” (in their outer case) to provide an “escape path” for heat. Many of these vents are located at the top or in the “back-end” of the electrical system. On this basis, I have the following recommendations to permit the removal of heat from your electronics.Make sure and keep papers, books, dust and other items from “blocking” the vents of these systems.
Leaving these items on top of your (DVD Player for example) will block the vents, and will not allow for heat to escape from your DVD Player. This will cause the temperature (surrounding the electronics) within your DVD player to rise; which will (in-turn) reduce the operating lifetime of your DVD player.Make sure that the “back-end” of the electronic system is not “butt-up” against the wall or an entertainment cabinet.
It is important to make sure that there is sufficient air/ventilation space between the vents (in the back end) and the wall/cabinet to allow for Heat Removal.Make sure and have your appliances (like your Central Air Conditioning system or Heat Pump) serviced.
Whenever these appliances are serviced, the service professional will do various things (like clean out dust and debris from ventilation path), therefore maintaining an unobstructed path for heat to escape from these systems.Make sure that the fan (inside some of your systems) is working.
If this fan stops working, then you need to get it repaired quickly. Failure to do this will result in your electronic system having an early meeting with the “grim reaper” or an electronic waste disposal site.3.2 REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF HEAT THAT THE ELECTRONICS GENERATE IN THE FIRST PLACE
Another approach to protecting your electronics from heat is to take steps to try to prevent your electronics from generating excessive heat in the first place. The amount of heat that is generated within an electronic system is often referred to as being related to the following expression for resistive loss: I^2XR, where:I represents the amount of current flowing through an electronic system and
R represents the load impedance (or resistance) within this electronic system; and
I^2 denotes ” I being raised to the 2nd Power, or “I-squared”From this mathematical expression, you can see that if we were able to reduce the amount of current flowing through an electrical system, this would certainly help to reduce the amount of heat generated within this electrical system.QUESTION: How can you reduce the current that an electrical system uses? Doesn’t it require a certain amount of current to do its job? The answer to this question is “Yes”, an electrical system does require a certain amount of current and voltage (electrical power) to do its job. However, it doesn’t need to use anymore current than that. Hence, we recommend that you use TVSS (Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors) components in order to reduce the current level (flowing into your electrical system).Now, I know that some of you may be “scratching your heads” and wondering, “How in the world will this reduce the amount of current flowing into my electronic system” and (in turn reduce the amount of heat that it generates)? The answer is this: Anytime there is a large amount of electrical noise or spikes, or other forms of distortion in the electrical voltage and current in the power line, this also results in the flow of additional current into your electrical system. By using the TVSS components, you are eliminating this excessive current (due to noise, glitches, etc.) from the “power line” current, flowing into your electronic system.In this case, you have now accomplished the following:1. You have decreased the amount of current flowing into your electronic system, (which is the “I” in the expression “I^2 X R”) – which helps a lot to reduce the amount of heat that the system generates.
2. By reducing the heat that the electrical system generates, you are now lowering the ambient (or surrounding) temperature in which your electronics operates.
3. Lowering the ambient temperature will often times also reduce the load impedance/resistance in your electronic system (e.g., the “R” in this expression) as well.

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QUESTION: How can you reduce the load impedance/resistance in an electronic system? Isn’t that a design feature of the electronic system? The answer to this question is “Yes it is”. You cannot change the load impedance/resistance by very much. But, the reason why lowering the ambient temperature will also reduce the load impedance/resistance is that many resistors have (what is called) a positive temperature coefficient. This means that as the ambient temperature goes up, does the resistor value of this particular resistor.However, the converse is also true. If you were to lower the ambient (or surrounding) temperature, then you would also lower the resistor value as well.SO LET’S RECAP THE BENEFITS OF USING TVSS COMPONENTS:Using TVSS components lower the amount of current flowing through your electronic system.
Lowering this current reduces the amount of heat that the electronic system generates.
This lowers the ambient temperature for the system electronics.
Lowering the ambient temperature also lowers the load impedance/resistance (R) within the electronic system.Both the reduction of current (and the resulting reduction of the load impedance) would serve to significantly reduce the amount of heat that the electronics system will generates.4.0 OTHER ARTICLES IN THIS SERIES
Other articles in this series are listed below.How to Protect Your Electronics from Electrical Surge/Spike Events
How to Protect Your Electronics from Electrical Noise5.0 CONCLUSIONS
In this article, we spoke about “heat” and how effective it is in reducing the operating life-time of your electronics. Heat is one of the three (3) destructive mechanisms that will either destroy or shorten the operational life-time of your electronics. The remaining two mechanisms areElectrical Surge/Spike Events, and
Electrical NoiseWe have also described some guidelines on how to protect your electronics from heat, and to extend the operating life-time of your electronics. In particular, we mentioned the following approaches:1. Use (and do not thwart) the “Heat Removal” features of your electronic systems
Make sure that Internal Fans are working and
Make sure that vents are not blocks and that there is plenty of air space around the Electronic system to allow for the escape of heat.
2. Use TVSS (Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor) components to regulate the amount of voltage (and in turn) current that is flowing into your electronic systems: Minimizes heat generation due to resistive loss.

Spain Starts Process On to Electronic Law Enforcement Thru Law 25/2013

At the end of 2013, the Spanish Parliament certified the Law for the Promotion of Electronic Invoicing plus the Concept of an Accounting Register of Invoices in the Public Sector (Law 25/2013 of December 27, 2013). Its purpose would be to lessen the number of late payments by Public Administrations, which can impinge on enterprise funding, stop the negative impacts on employment and ensure its survival.The innovative law will come into effect on January 15th, 2015 for all those who electronically file their tax statements, as the approval of the innovative law will require a revision of the work techniques and also the systems used in this area. Public Administrations together with private agencies are given twelve months, 2014, to add the new digital methodology into their activities.The objective of Law 25/2013 is to protect providers and increase transparency and efficiency levels in processes managed by Public Administrations. As a result, the new legal ordinances will safeguard providers from latter payments, as all invoices are digitally licensed, and intensify the fight opposite to fraud, when all invoices pending for payment are registered and recognized.The passing of this legislation promotes the usage of electronic invoicing in the private and public sector, because e-Invoicing is a tool that’s earning more prominence in the European Union through multiple laws. Specifically, in Spain, companies would be better guarded on their business oriented relations with Public Administrations through the creation of an Accounting Register of Invoices. This register is already compulsory and needs to be utilized by Public Administrations and suppliers to submit invoices; this assures that the entire invoice dates are properly accredited and will be included for accrual of interests on sums due.

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Some of the key factors of electronic invoicing procedures underneath Law 25/2013 for the “Promotion of Electronic Invoicing plus the Conception of the Accounting Register of Invoices in the Public Sector” are:1. As the law comprises a basic standard, this is obligatory for all those Public Administrations at a national, regional and community level.2. The electronic invoice should be offered with a regulatory format and be signed with an innovative electronic signature or an advanced level electronic seal.3. Accounting files of electronic invoices should be generated by the Public Administration body or unit answerable for accounting, after obtaining the invoices from the Accounting Register of Invoices. This fresh process for invoice administration entered into effect on January 1, 2014.4. By rules and as from January 15, 2015, invoices for amounts under 5,000 Euros may be omitted from accounting documents.5. The invoice processing status could be examined at any moment by the service provider who presented the invoice.Because of the innovative Law 25/2013, Spain is moving towards a general electronic law reinforcement and control that means that the entire use of this electronic signature and electronic documentation is on the rise.As mentioned in one of our recent blog posts titled ” Electronic Invoicing in 2013 “, European Directive 2010/45/EU determines that paper and electronic invoices are alike legally & fiscally. In reality, the European Commission intends to insure frequent utilization of electronic invoices in European countries by year 2020.On the other hand, as mentioned in the opinion post titled “Electronic invoices and how they should be used” it seems that communicating techniques between the general population and Public Administrations are transforming, although not at the rate anticipated by governmental bodies after the early investments made. On this time, the part of document management software companies will be to demystify the common belief that document software technology is barely in the access of major institutions.From a scientific standpoint, having an acceptable document management solution facilitates companies to abide by the law without extra attempts or other costs. After all, this sort of software:- Facilitates agencies to generate electronic invoices that fulfill the requirements of the Spanish Tax Agency (AEAT).- Permits electronic invoices being issued in digital layout, along with the creation and digital signature of documents.- Operates with electronic invoices and certifies their particular contents.

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– Confirms the sender’s signature and identity together with the validity of certificate used to sign any electronic invoice.- Produces audit trails displaying all operations performed on the invoice.From the business standpoint, document management software package saves expenditures and time as well as increasing the security and quality of your service offered.- Price savings are gained, because the consumption of conventional paper, toner, delivery expenses and storage area etc. are taken off or minimized.- Management schedules are reduced because of the faster and a lot more efficient administrative system, which contributes to faster localization of up to date details.- Security is enhanced, as electronic signatures cut down the chance of counterfeiting and decrease the scope for human errors.- The quality of Customer service is improved as the new approach of interaction with the consumer is set-up, because invoice processing and shipment periods are improved and because net-based payment of documents is permitted.Daily, an expanding number of agencies are thinking-about perfecting their processes as a way to obtain proficiency and keep costs. In the end, when employing electronic invoicing, combined with a sufficient document management solution, their-own efficiency boosts and the quality of their support services improved which directly and beneficially affects the company’s business competition.

6 Tips For Choosing Marine Electronics

So you’ve found the perfect boat. Now you’re ready to outfit it with boating electronics. You have a vast array of choices, which is good, but it may seem to make it confusing choosing from among them. Much will depend on the type of boater you are and the type of electronics you use in general. Can you read charts and the stars, or will you only want the best in electronic navigation? When you’re on your boat, do you plan to leave civilization behind, or will you want phone or email contact? Do you have a favorite marine electronics brand, or would you rather cherry pick the best from several different brands? Knowing your own attitude toward electronics, your preferred type of boating and type of boat will make an easier time of choosing your electronics outfitting.Choosing the most suitable marine electronics can not only make your boating experiences more fun and your fishing more productive, but it can be important to your well being as well in case of an emergency. Choosing the right equipment is the first step, but learning to use it properly is equally as important. And that means you’ll have to take the time to learn how to use the equipment whether it’s from instructional videos, manuals, or having someone show you how to use it.

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Besides, you should know how to navigate by other means in the event of your electronics failing. Learning how to read charts and plot your course is still a required skill. That being said, here are some tips to help you choose your electronics.1. The boat electronics you should choose should be an automatic identification system, or AIS. It is used by boats and by the Vessel Traffic Services to find and identify boats. Your automatic identification system gear is the most important electronic device you’ll own. It allows boats to exchange electronic information including position, identification, and course. The AIS transponder will cause your vessel to show up on computer screens at Vessel Traffic Services stations. If you have an emergency or should become lost this is critical.2. Your boat electronics package should also include a GPS plotter as one the important components. One popular option is a multifunction GPS/plotter, which puts multiple functions into one device. Mutifunction displays can even allow you to run radar, GPS and fish finder data on one screen at the same time. They are also relatively easy to expand for other functions and displays.3. When choosing a display remember that the larger it is the better you will be able to see it. And keep in mind that on a boat, viewing conditions can be far from optimal due to sun glare, storms, and swells. If you can afford a 10 to 12 inch display, that’s best, but you should definitely choose at least a 7 inch display for your boating electronics.4. When there is an interest in onboard entertainment you may want to coordinate your mutifunction display for several peripheral electronic devises. Other devises like satellite receivers, computers, DVD players and music systems can be connected. These are great extras to have, but don’t get them at the expense of choosing inferior safety equipment. And make sure that all your navigation equipment is mounted where it access is easy.

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5. Another good investment in the safety of your boat is a depth sounder or fishfinder. When the weather turns bad a depth sounder combined with your GPS can help find the way back safely to shore.6. There is an ever changing selection of marine electronics products made available for the boating industry. Now there are laptop computers designed for marine use. These computers perform like standard laptops do, but they can also be equipped with special software like RayTech RNS 6.1, which allows multi-format charting, hsb2 electronics integration, and worldwide tides and currents among its many functions.In summary, GPS plotter, your AIS device, and depth sounder are the most important pieces of marine electronics for your boat because they pertain to your safety and the safety of your passengers. Have these devises in place first, and if it’s in your budget, there are plenty of peripherals you can add in the way of entertainment equipment and fish finding devices that you can have fun with.